Tougher penalties

ECONOMISTS believed that the size of the underground economy affect to some degree the gross domestic product (GDP) while criminologists recognise that there are clear links between underground economy and organised crime.

The underground economy, or shadow economy or black economy, is often associated with criminal activities including smuggling of weapons, tobacco, drugs, prostitution, gambling, illegal online gaming, counterfeiting passports and human trafficking. The underground economy has considerable significant impact on a country’s economy.

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Malaysia moves one spot in latest corruption index

KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia has moved up to 61st spot among the 180 countries in the latest Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) for 2018, one notch higher from the previous year.

Transparency International-Malaysia (TI-M) president Datuk Akhbar Satar said Malaysia, however, retained the score of 47 out of 100 points on the CPI’s survey.

The CPI scores and ranks are based on 13 surveys and expert assessments which measures the perceived level of corruption in the country’s public sector on a scale from zero (perceived to be highly corrupted) to 100 (perceived to be very clean).

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Punish election violators

TRANSPARENCY International-Malaysia (TI-M) urges the Election Commission (EC), the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) and the police to take action against any political party and its members found to be using inducement to buy votes in the Cameron Highlands parliamentary by-election.

Officials and personnel from these enforcement agencies should monitor the campaign activities of the candidates and their agents to ensure that no one violates the rules, regulations and ethics of election campaigning.


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Make the corrupt pay the price

ACCORDING to the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) Act, corruption or bribery is the act of giving or receiving gratification or reward in cash or in kind for performing a task in relation to someone’s job.

An example is a contractor giving an expensive watch to a government official in return for awarding a project to the former’s company.

There are four offences relating to bribery and corruption as set out in the act.

FIRST, soliciting or receiving gratification (bribe) under Sections 16 and 17(a) of the act, which is the common scenario of a person or agent soliciting or receiving gratification or bribe as an inducement for performing or not performing a task.


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